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Naval Commanders

John 'Jacky' Fisher

John 'Jacky' Fisher
John Arbuthnot Fisher was born on January 25, 1841, in Ramboda, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). In July 1854, John Fisher entered the Royal Navy aboard HMS Victory at Portsmouth. Fisher joined HMS Warrior as Gunnery Lieutenant in March 1863, and served as a gunnery instructor at HMS Excellent from 1864 to 1869. More promotions and commands followed with Fisher becoming Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria in 1887 and Rear Admiral in August 1890. His rise in the ranks continued as he became Third Sea Lord, then Second Sea Lord and finally, on October 20, 1904, First Sea Lord. In December 1905, John Fisher gained the Royal Navyís Highest Rank, Admiral of the Fleet. During his career, Fisher streamlined naval ship building at Portsmouth, increasing the speed of ship builds and cutting costs. He also oversaw development of torpedo boat destroyers and, as First Sea Lord, he reduced naval budgets by selling off outdated ships. As Chairman of the Committee on Designs, Fisher was instrumental in the development of the Dreadnought battleships, and battle cruisers such as HMS Invincible. He also championed the use of submarines in the Royal Navy. John Fisher Died from cancer on July 10, 1920.

 
Gunther Lutjens

Gunther Lutjens
Gunther Lutjens was born on May 25, 1889, in Wiesbaden, Prussia. Lutjens began his service in the Kaiserliche Marine (German Imperial Navy) in 1907, becoming an officer by the beginning of WW1. Serving during WW1 in the torpedo boat squadron, Lutjens ended the war as Kapitanleutnant and had earned the 1st and 2nd class Iron Cross. He stayed with the torpedo boat squadron after the war and, in 1925, became a Commanding Officer. By October 1937, Lutjens had become Rear Admiral (Konteradmiral) in the Kriegsmarine. Following the outbreak of WW2, Lutjens commanded destroyer operations in the North Sea and gained promotion to Vice Admiral. He became fleet commander after his contribution to Operation Weserubung and, on September 1, 1940, he was promoted to Admiral. Gunther Lutjens arranged and carried out Operation Berlin In January 1941. The operation, which involved assisting U-boats in raids on Atlantic convoys, led to the launch of Operation Rheinubung. In this operation, Lutjens commanded the battleship Bismarck and heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen in another attempt to attack Atlantic convoys. After sinking HMS Hood in the Battle of the Denmark Strait, Bismarck was caught by the British and sunk. Gunther Lutjens died aboard Bismarck during itís sinking on May 27, 1941.

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Published 2018

Global Anchor Limited

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By James Drake

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