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Political Leaders

Sir Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Churchill
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, born on November 30, 1874, is best known for his role as Britainís Prime Minister during World War 2. Born to Lord Randolph Churchill and American Jennie Jerome, Churchill was also the grandson of the 7th Duke of Marlborough. Churchill attended school at Harrow before becoming a cavalry cadet at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and being commissioned into the 4th Hussars as a Second Lieutenant. Eager to see action, Churchill served in British India and took part in both the Anglo-Sudan War and the second Boer War. He became a war correspondent, sending reports back to the Daily Telegraph and the Pioneer, and wrote books about his campaigns. In 1899, Churchill decided to become a politician, gaining his first Parliamentary seat in 1900. He was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty during WW1 and WW2 before becoming Prime Minister on May 10, 1940. Churchill became the subject of a conspiracy theory which accused him of being complicit in the sinking of RMS Lusitania in an effort to bring the United States into WW1. One of Churchill's most famous orders during WW2 was the order to 'Sink the Bismarck!'. Churchill was knighted in 1953 and died on January 24, 1965.

 
Adolph Hitler

Adolph Hitler
Adolph Hitler, born on April 20, 1889, in Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary, is best known for initiating World War 2, as the Fuhrer of Germany, and the Holocaust. After moving to Germany, Hitler served in World War 1 as a dispatch runner in the Bavarian Army. Following the end of the war, Hitler was employed by the army as an intelligence agent and was ordered to infiltrate the German Workers Party. After leaving the army he worked full time for the organization, and by the end of July 1921, had become their leader. In November 1923 Hitler was jailed for treason after the failure of an attempted coup in Munich. His popularity rose after leaving prison and he was appointed Chancellor of Germany by the Nazi Party in 1933. In August 1934 Hitler became the Fuhrer of Germany, and on September 1, 1939, started WW2 by invading Poland. Hitler was also responsible for the Holocaust that resulted in the deaths of more than 5.5 million Jews. On February 14, 1939, Hitler gave the christening speech at the launch of Germany's most famous battleship, Bismarck. On April 30, 1945, after realizing that Germany had lost the war, Adolph Hitler shot himself in his bunker in Berlin.

 
Count Otto von Bismarck

Count Otto von Bismarck
Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg, was more commonly known as Otto von Bismarck. Bismarck was born in Schonhausen, Prussia, on April 1, 1815, and progressed through school to study law at the University of Gottingen and the University of Berlin. He practiced law before spending a year in the army and returning to Schonhausen to run the family estates. In 1862 Bismarck became the ambassador to France before returning to Prussia as Minister President and Foreign Minister. In 1865 he received the title Count of Bismarck-Schonhausen and in 1867 he became Chancellor of the newly formed North German Confederation. Bismarck gained the rank of Major General and wore the uniform in public, but never commanded in the field. On March 21, 1871, Bismarck became Chancellor of the German Empire and, through masterful politics, he managed to control domestic and foreign affairs until 1890 when he was removed by Kaiser Wilhelm II. Bismarck died on July 30, 1898. The German Battleship Bismarck was named after him.

 
 
Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson
Thomas Woodrow Wilson, was born on December 28, 1856, in Staunton Virginia. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton) and Virginia Law School before gaining a political science doctorate at John Hopkins University. Wilson worked as a professor of political science before taking a position at Princeton where, in 1902, he became their 13th President. In 1910 He was persuaded to run for Governor of New Jersey. He served as Governor from 1911 to 1913, and in the Democratic Convention in 1912, Wilson was nominated to be their Presidential Candidate. Woodrow Wilson became President of the U.S. on March 4, 1913, and served for two terms. In 1915, Wilson requested an apology from Germany for the sinking of RMS Lusitania, and on April 2, 1917, he sought a declaration of war on Germany from Congress; consequently the USA entered World War 1. When WW1 ended, Wilson went to the Paris Peace Conference. He travelled aboard SS George Washington which was escorted by various American ships, including the battleship USS Arizona. When his second term ended, Wilson returned to practicing law for a short while before settling down to writing. Woodrow Wilson died from a stroke on February 3, 1924.

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Published 2018

Global Anchor Limited

Modified 2018

By James Drake

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