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Political Leaders 3

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson is best known as an American Founding Father and primary author of the American Declaration of Independence. He was born on April 13, 1743, in Shadwell, Colony of Virginia. At the age of 16 he entered the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, studying metaphysics, philosophy and mathematics. Following his graduation he practiced law for a short time and sought reforms to slavery. He became Virginia’s delegate in the Second Continental Congress and gained John Adams’ support to gain appointment to the Committee of Five who drafted the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson served as the second Governor of Virginia from 1779 to 1781, and on May 17, 1785, succeeded Benjamin Franklin as the United States Minister to France. On March 22, 1790, he became the 1st United States Secretary of State under George Washington. Jefferson became Vice President under John Adams on March 4, 1797, and became the 3rd President of the United States on March 4, 1801. In 1803, Jefferson sent squadrons of frigates to the Mediterranean, including USS Constitution, to protect American merchant ships during the First Barbary War. One of his achievements as President was to oversee the Louisiana Purchase. Thomas Jefferson died a few hours before John Adams on July 4, 1826.


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Published 2018

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By James Drake

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